History of Censuses

  • In the Middle Ages, conducting of censuses began in our territory.
  • The first modern organised statistical survey, based on the principles of international statistical congresses, was held in the territory of a present-day Slovakia in 1869.
  • The first Czechoslovak Population Census was carried out in 1921.
  • Population census in 1950 was linked with the census on houses and dwellings. At the same time, listing of agricultural, industrial and trade establishments took place as well.
  • The first integrated census was carried out in 1961 and it surveyed data on population, households, houses and dwellings.
  • The last Czechoslovak Population Census took place in 1991.
  • The first Population, Housing and Dwelling census in independent Slovakia was conducted in 2001. For the first time, the full Census, the organisation, data collection, data processing, publishing and data presentation was ensured by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic.
  • In the 2011 Population and Housing Census, the public was allowed for the first time in history, to fill out the Census Sheets electronically.

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